are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, and stretch approximately 1,200 km (750 mi) across eight Alpine countries (from west to east): France, Switzerland, Monaco, Italy, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia.
The highest peak in the Alps is Mont Blanc at 4810 metres (15,782 feet). Mont Blanc (French) or Monte Blanco (Italian) means White Mountain.
The mountain itself attracts many visitors from all over the world as it is the tallest mountain in the Alps. The town next to Mont Blanc, Chamonix, was the site of the first ever Winter Olympics.
Tourism, which began in the 19th century in a modest way, became, after World War II, a mass phenomenon. Thus, the Alps are a summer and winter playground for millions of European urban dwellers and annually attract tourists from around the world. Because of this enormous human impact on a fragile physical and ecological environment, the Alps are likely the most threatened mountain system in the world.